Big Data is typically defined as data that is beyond the ability of conventional tools to process and analyze. While challenges exist, Big Data can create new and different organizational insights; thus, many organizations are choosing SAP HANA or Hadoop (or both!) to deliver on their Big Data objectives. As is typically the case, these new technologies also introduce new challenges. Some of these reflect staffing and skillsets deficiencies, the need to maintain multiple systems, and a lack of experience in optimizing and fine-tuning the infrastructure to support these new applications.